COAT OF ARMS
During a Royal Visit to Barbados, Her Majesty the Queen presented the grant of Arms conveyed by Royal Warrant to the Senate represented by the President of the Senate Sir Grey Massiah on February 14, 1966.
On the Golden Shield of the Arms carries two Pride of Barbados flowers (the National Flower) and the Bearded Fig Tree (Fiscus Citrifolia) of which was common at the time of its settlement and was where Barbados got its name. (A Portuguese reference: "Los Barbados" which means "the bearded ones" a name given from a species of the Bearded Fig-Tree.)
On either side of the shield are the supporters, on the right (dexter) is a dolphin symbolic of the fishing industry and on the left (sinister) is a pelican which represents a small island named Pelican Island existing off Barbados and which is now incorporated into the Deep Water Harbour Development.
At the top of the shield is a helmet and above that mantling on a wreath is the arm and hand of a Barbadian holding (2) crossed pieces of sugar cane symbolic of the Sugar Industry. This saltire cross represents the cross upon which Saint Andrew was crucified and Saint Andrew's Day, it is also the day on which Barbados celebrates Independence (November 30).
At the bottom the Coat of Arms carries the motto "Pride and Industry."
Before the grant of arms (Coat of Arms) was conveyed, Barbados' only other official seal was the Seal of the Colony (Colonial Badge).
This was a representation of the British Monarch (Queen) standing in a shell chariot being drawn by two sea horses through foaming waters.
When a new Monarch emerged the seal was changed to a King sitting in a shell chariot.
Neville Clarke Connell
1907 - 1973
Designer of the Coat of Arms
The Barbados Coat of Arms was designed by Neville Clarke Connell, born in 1907. He was a director of the Barbados Museum for almost 24 years and a writer who contributed lots of articles to the Museum Journals, local newspapers as well as publications overseas.
Mr. Connell was educated at Harrison College, Barbados and Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. He was called to the Bar at Greyâ€™s Inn and then served in the Royal Artillery on the outbreak of the war. After his discharge he worked in an Antique Dealerâ€™s business and later the Assistant Secretary of the Institute of Incorporated Practitioners in Advertising.
The Design of Barbados Coat of Arms was of a result of lots of research by Mr. Connell who was a student of Heraldy and the artwork of Mrs. Hilda Ince (deceased) who was a talented artist.
The development sketches of the Coat of Arms remain in the possession of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society.
Mr. Connell died on January 19th, 1973 at the age of 66.
The Barbados National Flag
The National Flag of Barbados is made up of (3) vertical panels the outer panels are ultramarine which represents the sea and sky of Barbados.
The center panel of gold represents the sand on its beaches with a broken Trident in the middle of the flag.
This Trident symbolizes the trident of the mythical Sea God Neptune and appeared in the seal of the colony, which was replaced by the Barbados Coat of Arms.
The broken Trident in the National Flag represents the breaking away of its Historical and Constitutional ties as a former colony.
1926 - 2003
Designer of the Flag of Barbados
The Barbados National Flag was designed by Grantley W. Prescod who was born in 1926. It was chosen from a Government organized open competition of 1,029 entries of which gained him a gold medal. Mr Prescod attended the St. Barnabus Boys School, taught for a while then took a one year course during 1962-63 at the West of England College of Art for Specialist Teachers of Art. He also received a certificate in Education from Bristol University and later during 1970-72 went after the Master of Education Degree majoring in Art Education at Temple University, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
Mr. Prescod died on November 12, 2003
Code of Etiquette
• Dimensions of the Barbados National Flag: Proportions
• Flags flown on land and at sea - (3:2)
How to Display the National Flag
The Flag should be of regulation appearance and should not be faded or bleached. If torn the flag should be repaired before being hoisted.
The flag-mast, when erected on land, should be placed upright while in a central or conspicuous place. On buildings the flag-mast should either be placed in an upright position on the roof or fixed at an angle on the front of the building or from a balcony.
The Flag-mast should be painted white.
The Barbados Flag should always be flown above all other flags. When several flags are flown on one halyard the Barbados flag is placed at the peak. When the Flags of two or more nations are displayed together they are to be flown from separate staffs of the same height and all flags should be, as far as possible, of the same size. The flag of one nation should not be displayed above that of another.
No other flag, colour, standard, ensign or other emblem should be displayed above or to the right of the National Flag. (your left when facing the flag)
When two flags are placed against a wall with crossed staffs, the Barbados Flag should be at the right, and its staff should be in front of the staff of the other flag. When a number of flags are grouped and displayed from staffs the Barbados Flag should be at the Centre and at the highest point of the group.
The national Flag should always be the first to be hoisted and the last to be lowered when flown with other flags.
The Flag may be displayed flat above and behind the speaker in a church or in an auditorium. If on a staff, it should be at the right off the speaker as he faces the congregation or audience. Other flags should be at the speaker's left. If the flag is displayed on a staff elsewhere than on a platform or chancel it should be at the right of the audience or congregation as they face the speaker. It should not cover a speaker's desk or be draped in front of a platform.
The national Flag shall not be flown on a motor car without the permission of the minister, except on a day of special significance.
Where the National Flag is flown on a motor car in accordance, it shall be affixed to a small staff erected on the right front fender of the motor car so that the flag should be above the bonnet of that motor car.
A citizen may fly the flag on a day of special significance provided he flies the flag from an upright staff on the front of his dwelling or place of business.
When to Display the Flag
The National Flag will be flown every day from the Public Buildings, Trafalgar Square, from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. It may be flown daily from Government buildings and schools when they are in session, and places of business.
The Flag of Barbados should not be flown after 6:00 p.m. except inside a building. However, on important ceremonial occasions the flag may be flown in the open after 6:00 pm when it should be floodlit if possible.
The Flag in a Parade
The National Flag should be held on the marching right or in front of the centre of the line of flags when carried with another flag or flags. When the flag is passing in a parade or in a review or during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering of the Flag, all persons present should face the Flag and stand at attention.
The Flag at half-staff
The lowering of the flag by its own depth from the peak of the staff.
The National Flag is flown at half staff in mourning.
The Flag of Barbados should first be raised to the peak and then lowered to half staff when flown at half-staff. The flag should again be raised to the peak before it is lowered.
The Cabinet is responsible for the decision on the occasions on which the flag should be flown at half-staff.
Prohibited uses of the Flag
The National Flag should not be dipped to any person or thing, except in accordance with maritime practice.
The Flag of Barbados should never be flown with the trident inverted except as a signal of distress.
The Barbados Flag should not be displayed on a float, motorcar or other vehicle or on a boat, except from a staff or masthead.
The Flag should not have placed on it or attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture or drawing.
The Flag should never be used as a receptacle. It should not be used to cover a statue or monument.
The Flag should not be used for purposes of adornment or advertising. It should not be printed on, or reproduced on articles clothing or furniture.
The Flag when on display should not be allowed to touch anything beneath it such as furniture, floors, trees, plants, vehicles, buildings, water or the earth.
The Barbados National Pledge
I pledge allegiance to my country Barbados and to my flag,
To uphold and defend their honour,
And by my living, to do credit to my nation,
Wherever I go.
1910 - 2003
Author of the Pledge of Allegiance of Barbados
The Barbados National Pledge was written by Mr. Lester Vaughan, born in 1910 at Simons in St. Andrew. He was a former Teacher and Education Officer of Primary Schools. His career started between 1928 and 1944 as a Pupil Teacher. Mr. Vaughan was trained at the Rawle Training Institute, forerunner of Erdiston College 1933-1935.
On April 2nd 1973 the National Pledge was chosen from a competition of 167 entrants and was announced by the Hon. Erskine Sandiford then Minister of Education, Youth Affairs, Community Development and Sports.
Lester Vaughn taught at a few Primary Schools in St Andrew, and then migrated to St Lucia in 1944 continuing his teaching career until 1954. During this time he then took a course in Primary education at the Tuskegee Institute of Alabama in the US, after which he returned to St Lucia.
In 1954 Vaughn returned to Barbados and taught at the St John the Baptist Boys School. He later became Headmaster at Holy Innocent and subsequently acted as an Education Officer for six years.
After retiring in November of 1970, he was called back for the 14 plus scheme, a project designed to assist children who left school as early as 14 years of age.
Lester Vaughan later died at the age of 92 on 16th September 2003.
Pride of Barbados
(Poinciana pulcherrima LINNAEUS)
(Dwarf Poinciana or Flower Fence)
The National Flower of Barbados is the Pride of Barbados. It blooms most of the year; the most common varieties are a fiery red and yellow although other colour variations can be found. References to this flower were recorded since 1657.
The National Flower is accepted as the variety with the Yellow Margin on the petals and appears on the Coat of Arms.
It is a shrub and is often pruned into a hedge. If is not trimmed it can grow to a height of 15 feet. The branches are prickly and the leaves are about 1 foot long and 6 inches wide with many small leaflets.
The flower is about 1 ½ inches across and has 5 petals with a yellow pyramidal blossom, with 1 petal much smaller than the others. It has 10 long stamens with colored filaments and anthers at the tips. They are also pistils projecting from the center of the flower, with 1 filament bearing a stigma and is the style.